Barry, J.P., Widdicombe, S., & Hall-Spencer, J.M. (2011) Effects of ocean acidification on marine biodiversity and ecosystem function. Ocean acidification, 192–209.
Barry, Widdicombe, and Hall-Spencer discussed the effects of ocean acidification on marine ecosystem functions and biodiversity, they focused far more on the large-scale issues and implications that controlled experiments cannot show in their limited scale. Large environmental changes can have broad effects on biodiversity, these effects can affect energy flow and other processes by the loss of keystone species who contribute to these processes. Other studies look at the survival of a single species and assumed that changes in the species effects the environment.
The paper breaks up the topic into seven board categories and focus on how ocean acidification effects each.
Acidification of the ocean has effects that goes deeper than just a raise in ph of the water. It effects some of the earths most sensitive habitats. It also means that the servers that we rely on from the ocean will be affected negatively, from fishing to tourism. This problem is larger than most understand.
Significance for Palau:
As an island nation surrounded by the ocean and where fishing is a large part of the local’s life. During a lecture Dr. Rundell talked about how sea cucumbers are a large resource for the people of Palau. Along with the coral reefs many of the marine invertebrates are going to be directly affected by acidification. Any of the invertebrates who use calcium carbonate to make their skeletons it becomes harder for them to make their skeletons strong. This could lead to higher rates of predation and a reduction in prey populations.